oleh : Sophia G. Sipahelut 1* , Ivonne Telussa 2., 1 Teknologi Hasil Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian UNPATTI ., 2), Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan UNPATTI


Kategori : Teknologi Hasil Pertanian

Volume : IV. No. 2 Agustus 2011

Kata kunci : drying and distillation, essential oil, nutmeg pod

Dibaca: 1199 kali

Didownload: 2518 kali

Abstrack :

In Maluku, nutmeg and mace are considered valuable market commodities, while the pod are wasted and left in the field. The research aimed to expand and to characterize the quality of the nutmeg-pod oil by some Drying of sliced nutmeg pod either under shade, in the process technology (methods of drying and distillation). sun, or using cabinet dryer were carried out followed by distillation process either using water distillation or water-steam distillation. Physical characteristics (refraction index and solubility in 90% alcohol), myristicin compound and oil yields of the essential oil resulted from those process combinations were analyzed. Result indicated that the highest yield was obtained (1.65 g) from the combination of drying under shade and watersteam distillation. The refraction index and solubility in 90% ethanol of the extracted oils were all in the range of the SNI Quality Standard. There were about 21 different components in the oil of nutmeg pod. The level of myristicin (the valuable component) was much higher than that found in the nutmeg.

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